Type 1 Diabetes
A medical examination & detailed history, together with some blood and urine tests will be all that is required for your GP to diagnose Type 1 DM. He/she is likely to refer you immediately to the Diabetes Centre for assessment. In cases involving children they will be admitted to Robin Ward for Assessment.
Type 2 Diabetes
As above the diagnosis will be made following a medical examination, detailed history, blood and urine tests. In some cases Diabetes can be present for up to 10 years before people are diagnosed. During this time damage can occur to the large blood vessels which can lead to severe problems like heart attack & stroke. The earlier a person is diagnosed the sooner treatment and monitoring of their condition can begin
Insulin is a hormone made by an organ in our bodies called the pancreas. The pancreas lies just behind the stomach. The function of insulin is to help our bodies use glucose for energy.
For all people with Type 1 Diabetes and for some people with Type 2 Diabetes, insulin is essential to keep blood glucose levels under control.
The three groups of insulin
There are three groups of insulin - animal, human (not from humans but produced synthetically to match human insulin) and analogues (if we think of the insulin molecule as being like a string of beads, scientists have managed to alter the position of some of these beads to create 'analogues' of insulin).
Nowadays, most people use human insulin and insulin analogues, although a small number of people still use animal insulin because they have some evidence that they otherwise lose their awareness of hypos or they find animal insulin works better for them.
There are six main types of insulin:
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